The experiment is also kwown under the name Cartesian diver
The balloon in the bottle is a simple experiment to demonstrate the effect of static buoyancy. Although this is hydrostatic buoyancy, whereas a balloon in the air experiences aerostatic buoyancy, the effect is the same.
Warning: Only carry out this experiment if you know what you are doing. This experiment uses parts that can be swallowed. Therefore, take special care when children take part in the experiment.
For the balloon:
And a flexible plastic bottle, with a wide enough neck for the balloon to fit through.
First, cut the tube to the desired length. Then the thread is pulled through the tube.
Then the tube is pulled together with the thread to form a balloon shape, and then the thread is knotted.
Then the paper clips are attached to the thread at the bottom. The paper clips have two functions. Firstly, they ensure that the tube openings stay down. Secondly, they are used to balance the balloon. The balloon should only have enough rising force to float in the water. It is easier to balance the balloon in an open container.
When the balloon is in the closed bottle, the pressure increases when the bottle is squeezed. The increase in pressure compresses the air bubble in the tube and the volume generating the buoyancy decreases - the balloon sinks. If, on the other hand, you reduce the pressure on the bottle, the pressure in the bottle decreases and the air bubble in the tube can expand - the buoyancy increases and the balloon rises.
This text was not written by a native speaker. If you notice any errors, have suggestions for improvement, or would like to make any other comments, please contact Volker Löschhorn.